Sneaky Feet Aikido, Encinitas, CA

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28 January 2018

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Common Aikido Terms
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Aikido Terms Attacks
Common Dojo Phrases Defense Techniques

Aikido Terms Used at Our Dojo
Ai Hanmi Mutual stance where UKE and NAGE each have the same foot forward (right-right, left-left).
Atemi (lit. Striking the Body) Strike directed at the attacker for purposes of unbalancing or distraction. Atemi is often vital for bypassing or "short-circuiting" an attacker's natural responses to Aikido techniques. The first thing most people will do when they feel their body being manipulated in an unfamiliar way is to retract their limbs and drop their center of mass down and away from the person performing the technique. By judicious application of atemi, it is possible to create a "window of opportunity" in the attacker's natural defenses, facilitating the application of an Aikido technique.
Domo Arigato
Japanese for "thank you very much." At the end of each class, it is proper to bow and thank the instructor and those with whom you've trained.
Gyaku Hanmi Opposing stance (if UKE has the right foot forward, NAGE has the left foot forward, if UKE has the left foot forward, NAGE has the right foot forward).
Hajime Begin
Hakama Divided skirt usually worn by black belt ranks. In some DOJO, the HAKAMA is also worn by women of all ranks, and in some DOJO by all practitioners.
Hanmi Triangular stance. Most often Aikido techniques are practiced with UKE and NAGE in predetermined stances. This is to facilitate learning the techniques and certain principles of positioning with respect to an attack. At higher levels, specific HANMI cease to be of much importance.
Hanmi Handachi Position with NAGE sitting, UKE standing. Training in HANMI HANDACHI WAZA is a good way of practicing techniques as though with a significantly larger/taller opponent. This type of training also emphasizes movement from one's center of mass (HARA).
Happo 8 directions; as in HAPPO-UNDO (8 direction exercise) or HAPPO-GIRI (8 direction cutting with the sword). The connotation here is really movement in all directions. In Aikido, one must be prepared to turn in any direction in an instant.
Hara One's center of mass, located about 2" below the navel. Traditionally this was thought to be the location of the spirit/mind. Aikido techniques should be executed as much as possible from or through one's HARA.
Hidari Left
Irimi (lit. "Entering the Body") Entering movement. Many aikidoka think that the IRIMI movement expresses the very essence of Aikido. The idea behind IRIMI is to place oneself in relation to an attacker in such a way that the attacker is unable to continue to attack effectively, and in such a way that one is able to control effectively the attacker's balance.
Jiyu Waza Freestyle practice of techniques. This usually involves more than one attacker who may attack NAGE in any way desired.
Jo Wooden staff about 4'-5' in length. The JO originated as a walking stick. It is unclear how it became incorporated into Aikido. Many JO movements come from traditional Japanese spear-fighting, others may have come from jo-jutsu, but many seem to have been innovated by the founder. The JO is usually used in advanced practice.
Jodan Upper position. JODAN NO KAMAE is thus a stance with the hands or a weapon held in a high position.
Kata A "form" or prescribed pattern of movement, especially with the JO in Aikido. (But also "shoulder.")
Ki Mind. Spirit. Energy. Vital-force. Intention. (Chinese = chi) For many Aikidoka, the primary goal of training in Aikido is to learn how to "extend" KI, or to learn how to control or redirect the KI of others. There are both "realist" and anti-realist interpretations of KI. The KI-realist takes KI to be, literally, a kind of "stuff," "energy," or life-force which flows within the body. Developing or increasing one's own KI, according to the KI- realist, thus confers upon the aikidoka greater power and control over his/her own body, and may also have the added benefits of improved health and longevity. According to the KI-anti-realist, KI is a concept which covers a wide range of psycho-physical phenomena, but which does not denote any objectively existing "energy" or "stuff." The KI-anti-realist believes, for example, that to "extend KI" is just to adopt a certain kind of positive psychological disposition and to correlate that psychological dispositon with just the right combination of balance, relaxation, and judicious application of physical force. Since the description "extend KI" is somewhat more manageable, the concept of KI has a class of well-defined uses for the KI-anti-realist, but does not carry with it any ontological commitments beyond the scope of mainstream scientific theories.
Kokyu Breath. Part of Aikido is the development of "KOKYU RYOKU", or "breath power." This is the coordination of breath with movement. A prosaic example: When lifting a heavy object, it is generally easier when breathing out. Also breath control may facilitate greater concentration and the elimination of stress. In many traditional forms of meditation, focus on the breath is used as a method for developing heightened concentration or mental equanimity. This is also the case in Aikido. A number of exercises in Aikido are called "KOKYU HO," or "breath exercises." These exercises are meant to help one develop KOKYU RYOKU.
Kombanwa Good Evening
Konnichiwa Hello - mid day / afternoon - during daylight
Kyu White belt rank. (Or any rank below SHODAN)
Mate Wait
Mune Chest
Nage The thrower.
Obi A belt.
Ohayogozaimasu Good morning
Onegai shimasu "I welcome you to train with me," or literally, "I make a request." This is said to one's partner when initiating practice.
Randori Free-style "all-out" training. Sometimes used as a synonym for JIYU WAZA. Although Aikido techniques are usually practiced with a single partner, it is important to keep in mind the possibility that one may be attacked by multiple aggressors. Many of the body movements of Aikido (TAI SABAKI) are meant to facilitate defense against multiple attackers.
Seiza Sitting on one's knees. Sitting this way requires acclimatization, but provides both a stable base and greater ease of movement than sitting cross-legged.
Shodan First degree black belt.
Shomen Front or top of head. Also the designated front of a DOJO.
Suwari Waza Techniques executed with both UKE and NAGE in a seated position. These techniques have their historical origin (in part) in the practice of requiring all samurai to sit and move about on their knees while in the presence of a DAIMYO (feudal lord). In theory, this made it more difficult for anyone to attack the DAIMYO. But this was also a position in which one received guests (not all of whom were always trustworthy). In contemporary Aikido, SUWARI WAZA is important for learning to use one's hips and legs.
Tachi Waza Standing techniques.
Tai Sabaki Body movement.
Tenkan Turning movement, esp. turning the body 180 degrees. (see TAI NO TENKAN)
Tsuki A punch or thrust (esp. an attack to the midsection).
Uke Person being thrown (receiving the technique). At high levels of practice, the distinction between UKE and NAGE becomes blurred. In part, this is because it becomes unclear who initiates the technique, and also because, from a certain perspective, UKE and NAGE are thoroughly interdependent.
Ukemi Literally "receiving [with/through] the body," thus, the art of falling in response to a technique. MAE UKEMI are front roll-falls, USHIRO UKEMI are back roll-falls. Ideally, one should be able to execute UKEMI from any position and in any direction. The development of proper ukemi skills is just as important as the development of throwing skills and is no less deserving of attention and effort. In the course of practicing UKEMI, one has the opportunity to monitor the way one is being moved so as to gain a clearer understanding of the principles of Aikido techniques. Just as standard Aikido techniques provide strategies for defending against physical attacks, so does UKEMI practice provide strategies for defending against falling (or even against the application of an Aikido or Aikido-like technique!).
Ushiro Backwards or behind, as in USHIRO UKEMI or falling backwards.
Yoko Side.
Yokomen Side of the head.
Yudansha Black belt holder (any rank).
Zanshin Lit. "remaining mind/heart." Even after an Aikido technique has been completed, one should remain in a balanced and aware state. ZANSHIN thus connotes "following through" in a technique, as well as preservation of one's awareness so that one is prepared to respond to additional attacks.

Attacks (top)
Hanmi Handachi Uke standing nage sitting
Jotori Jo taking techniques
Kaotsuki Punch to the face
Katatori Being grabbed at the shoulder by one hand
Katatetori Being grabbed by one hand at your wrist
Ketetsuki Kick to the gut
Mai Kubi Shime Being choked from the front
Morotetori Two hands on one
Munetori One lapel grab from the front
Munetsuki Thrust of punch to the gut
Ryokatatori Front two shoulder grab
Ryotetori Being grabbed by two hands at both or your wrists
Shomenuchi Overhand blow to the center of the skull
Suwariwaza Techniques from sitting
Tachitori Sword taking techniques
Tantotori Knife taking techniques
Tsuki Stab or blow to the chest or stomach area
Yokomenuchi Blow the the side of the skull
Ushirokatatori Attacker wraps his arms around you from behind
Ushirohijitori Attacker grabs both of your elbows form behind
Ushirokatatetori Attacker grabs one of your wrists from behind
Ushirotekubitori Attacker grabs both of your wrists from behind
Ushiroryokatatori Attacker grabs nage's shoulders from behind
Ushirokubishime Attacker chokes from behind
Ushirokatatetorikubishime Attacker chokes and grabs a wrist from behind
Ushiroudetori Attacker controls both of your arms with both of his from behind

Common Dojo Phrases (top)
Arigato Gozaimasita Thank you
Do Itasimasite You're welcome
Dozo Please
Hajime Begin
Kombanwa Good evening
Konnichiwa Good afternoon
Mokuso Please come to attention; make yourself ready; meditate
Ohayogozaimasu Good morning
Onegai shimasu I make a request (to practice)
Seishuku Seiza Please line up for the beginning/ending of class. Sit in silent respect.
Nasumiashi Secret or stealthy feet
Ojigi To respectfully bow

Defense Techniques (top)
Ikkyo Immobilization number 1
Nikkyo Immobilization number 2
Sankyo Immobilization number 3
Yonkyo Immobilization number 4 (using nerve points)
Gokyo Immobilization number 5
Kokyunage Breath throw
Tenchinage Heaven and Earth throw
Kaitennage "Wheel/Round" throw
Shihonage Four corner throw
Sumiotoshi Corner throw to front
Kotegaeshi Wrist reversal
Koshinage Basic hip throw
Jujinage Crossed arm throw
Udekimenage Nage has one hand on uke's wrist while the other arm extends under the elbow